Sewanee Herbarium » Project Center » Medicinal Plants » Purple Passionflower

Passiflora incarnata Purple Passionflower
Passifloraceae (Passion Flower Family)

Other Names: Passion flower, Passion vine, Wild apricot, Maypop (herb), Wild cucumber, Granadilla, Maracock

Description: Climbing vine, up to 30 ft. Tendrils spring like. Leaves cleft with 2-3 slightly toothed lobes. Flowers large, showy, unique, whitish to purplish with numerous threads radiating from the center. Fruits fleshy, egg-shaped, and edible.

Where Found: Sandy soil. PA to FL, e. TX to s. MO.

Status: Native

Medicinal Part: Root, Whole plant, Fruit juice

Preparation: Poultice root, Whole plant tea, Juice from fruit, Tincture or infusion from dried leaves

Uses: Poultice root for boils, cuts, bruises, earaches, and inflammation. Whole plant tea has traditionally been used as a sedative for neuralgia, epilepsy, restlessness, painful menses, insomnia, and tension headaches. Fruit juice as an eyewash for sore eyes. A tincture or infusion from dried leaves is an insomnia remedy. Research shows plant extracts are mildly sedative, slightly reduce blood pressure, increase respiratory rate, and decrease motor activity. Approved in Germany for nervous restlessness and tension.

Constituents and Effects: Maltol: Sedative activity; only works properly with other plant constituents.